Noncommunicable diseases cause premature death in Pakistan

ISLAMABAD (AP) — Pakistan has significant control over communicable diseases but is now battling cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer as causes of premature death, according to a new study published on Thursday.

The Lancet Global Health, a prestigious UK-based medical journal, reported that five noncommunicable diseases – ischemic heart disease, stroke, congenital defects, cirrhosis and chronic kidney disease – are among the 10 leading causes of premature death in the poor Islamic world. nation.

But the magazine said some of Pakistan’s studies have resulted in a life expectancy increase from 61.1 to 65.9 in the past three decades. The change “is driven by a reduction in infectious, maternal, neonatal and nutritional diseases,” he said. men

“Despite periods of political and economic turbulence since 1990, Pakistan has made positive strides in improving overall health outcomes at the population level and continues to seek innovative solutions to challenging health and health policy challenges,” the study says.

Based on Pakistan’s health data from 1990 to 2019, the study warns that by 2040, noncommunicable diseases will be the leading cause of death in Pakistan.

He said Pakistan will also continue to face infectious diseases.

Professor and Head of Medicine at Aga Khan University, Dr. from the authors of the report.

Professor of Health Metric Sciences at IHME, Dr. “What these findings show us is that Pakistan’s baseline before extreme flooding was already at some of the lowest levels in the world,” said Ali Mokdad. “Pakistan is in critical need of a fairer investment in its healthcare system and policy interventions to save lives and improve people’s health.”

With a population approaching 225 million, the study concluded, “Pakistan is prone to the catastrophic effects of climate change and natural disasters, including the 2005 Kashmir earthquake and devastating floods in 2010 and 2022, all of which have impacted major health policies and reforms.”

He said the country’s major health problems are compounded by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and devastating flooding that killed 1,739 people and affected 33 million last summer.

Researchers ask Pakistan to “tack the communicable disease burden and reduce rising rates of noncommunicable diseases”. They wrote that such priorities will help Pakistan move towards universal health insurance.

Considered one of the most prestigious scientific publications in the world, the journal covered the University of Washington Medical School’s Health Metrics and Evaluation Institute and Pakistan’s fragile health system. The study was a collaboration with the prestigious Aga Khan University based in Karachi and the Pakistani health ministry.

The study also cited increasing pollution as one of the top contributors to the overall disease burden in recent years. Lahore, Pakistan’s cultural capital, was gripped by fog on Thursday, causing respiratory illness and an infection in the eyes. Usually in winter, a thick cloud of fog covers Lahore and in 2021 Lahore earned it the title of the most polluted city in the world.

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